Physics: The Last Questions
||There are, on the web, several people who have been making serious efforts
to characterize, formulate, represent and even solve the last remaining riddles of
science. We can , if we listen, learn more about ourselves, our relationships
to others and the rest of the universe through the efforts of these people who care
enough, have the time, patience and energy to pursue these ultimate truths.
|The links that follow will direct you to the sites of some of those who
confront these problems, either head on or in their own way tackle one more essential
piece of the bigger picture.
Grounding Problem is a paper by Stevan Harnad presenting one of the most
profound (and darkest) areas of human reasoning -- the relationship of mind to
object. That is, how we relate intangible abstractions to reality. This is a
problem that intersects many disciplines. In physics, there is the measurement problem (FAQ
by Paul Budnik) where it seems that the presence of consciousness effects the outcome of a
measurement. In artificial intelligence there is the problem of mechanistic understanding .
Other areas affected: Cognitive science (by
Francis F. Steen, psychology and philosophy (see The Internet Encyclopedia -- Thank you James
Fieser) to name a few.
and Mathematical Knowledge by Thomas J. McFarlane 1995, begins with a quote from
William Blake: "Reason, or the ratio of all we have already known, is not the same
that it shall be when we know more."
|Kant's "Critique of Pure Reason" is a hallmark of science and
almost impenetrable. McFarlane's presentation exposes the core ideas of Kant's
thinking to anyone with a little determination.
|Werner A. Hofer presents an
authoritative description of the core problems and the seeming paradoxes buried in
the axioms of quantum mechanics. He succinctly characterizes the problems quantum
mechanics needs to address to discover if there is, or is not a next step. Clearly
there are several (see Open Questions in Physics by John Baez)
|The Principia Cybernetica
Web (by Francis Heylighen, Cliff Joslyn and Valentin Turchin)is part of an
evolving document. In fact, part of it is itself a self-organizing
entity. I found this document while searching for information discussing
"representation and physics". There is far far more content here
than that. It covers the basics for the intellectual tools needed to grapple with
many of the deep problems that researchers of leading edge science face.
has written a book ("Abstract Measurement Theory") on formal measurement
abstraction, that someday could be to quantum mechanics what Riemannian geometry was to
Einstein's General Relativity.
VALUABLE SCIENCE RESOURCES
Hawking's Universe When it comes to the mechanisms of universe, Professor Hawking's
explanations are without a doubt some of the clearest you will find anywhere on the web.
|The Millenium Frontier (By Alex
Sirotkin) I would call this "Science News link central" -- a rich source
of new and inovative science ideas.
|AIP Physics News
Advice on Research and Writing (by Mark Leone )-- a large collection of wisdom from
PHYSICS ASTRONOMY COSMOLOGY
advances The fine-structure constant -- this represents one of the big (possibly the
biggest) puzzles left to solve -- understanding the fine structure constant.
-- 274 (5289) 925 (Hubble's constant) We are still struggling to find a precise
value for Hubble's constant. (I, for one need a really good value here to validate
-- Glanz 270 (5241) 1439 (QM - measurement is the reality) (FYI)
Davies on the meaning of Mach's principle (After you read this, think about
abstractions and constraints.)
|Aether Theories -
Collation of Scientific Theories of the Aether (Mountain Man's collection of
links to the theories of those who are convinced that space is a real existent. I'm
one of them.)
|Center for Natural Units, by Leonard
Atoms Get Bigger as the Universe Expands (Food for thought, then read relative expansion)
Possibilities for Space Propulsion Breakthroughs, by Marc G. Millis. He writes:
|The ideal interstellar propulsion system would be one that could get you
to other stars as quickly and comfortably as envisioned in science fiction. Before this
can become a reality, two scientific breakthroughs are needed: discovery of a means to
exceed light speed, and discovery of a means to manipulate the coupling between mass and
space-time. This article explains why these breakthroughs are needed and introduces the
emerging possibilities that may eventually lead to these breakthroughs. It should be noted
that either of these breakthroughs by itself would have revolutionary consequences which
would be of enormous value.
Astrophysics Group This team has published 59 publications since 1991! Members
include Dr. Henry E. Kandrup, Dr. Reva K. Williams, Dr. David E. Willmes, Dr. Brendan
O.Bradley, Dr. Christos Siopis, Dr. Ilya V. Pogorelov, Dr. Barbara L. Eckstein, Dr. Eric
O'Neill (this guy is a thinker), And John Drury.
LIGO is a pioneering effort to design and construct a novel scientific facility - a
gravitational wave observatory - that will open a new observational window on the
of e-prints in the APS archive
Cambridge Relativity This is where Stephen Hawking works, and where some
of the very deep problems in physics are being addressed. They are going beyond even
string theory and are now pursuing an alternative structure called "branes".
|The Cyclotron Note Books
(Of Dr. Phil Gibbs) A really excellent collection of articles (and an electronic
book) by Dr. Gibbs that discuss some of the issues related to unifying quantum mechanics
and general relativity.
A tutorial by John Baez.
|ZPF article from Mercury
magazine published by the Astronomical Society of the Pacific (by Dr. Bernhard
Haishch) It seems that space is filled with energy! Now if e=mc^2, then could this
represent the missing dark matter?
|A lot of physics links
(anonymous) good stuff.
| ||General Relativity
A tutorial by John Baez.
| ||Interested in Element Skateboards? Need a new deck or skateboarding shoes? Maybe you have a skateboarding friend? Visit: Element Skateboards, Skateboard decks, Skateboard wheels and more!